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主流西方科学家呼吁沙特高校为自由发声
来源:中国科学报      作者:宗华      时间:2015-02-08 17:45      关键词:西方科学家,沙特高校,自由
摘要:随着上个月沙特阿拉伯活跃分子Raif Badawi被高调施以鞭刑,阿卜杜拉国王科技大学(KAUST)这所多元化的世界一流大学被推到了聚光灯下。




阿卜杜拉国王科技大学是严格的沙特社会的一个鲜明例外。图片来源:Susan Baaghil/Reuters

随着上个月沙特阿拉伯活跃分子Raif Badawi被高调施以鞭刑,阿卜杜拉国王科技大学(KAUST)这所多元化的世界一流大学被推到了聚光灯下。

作为对创立一个用于社会和政治讨论网站的惩罚,Badawi被处以1000下鞭刑和10年牢狱之灾。此事不仅激起国际上的强烈抗议,还将KAUST领导置 于站出来批评学校所在的沙特阿拉伯缺少言论自由的压力之下。不过,来自该校的研究人员表示,他们可以通过默默地继续努力创建全球一流的科研和批判性思考中 心,对沙特社会并且可能对更广泛的阿拉伯和穆斯林世界产生更大的影响。

2009年,KAUST由已经去世的沙特国王阿卜杜拉创建。作为严格的沙特社会的一个鲜明例外,该校并未出现基于性别、宗教或种族的歧视。不像在沙特其他 地方,这里的女性和男性可以相互交往,女性还能开车。这些校园中享有的自由,是那些支持KAUST发展的著名西方科学家争取的结果。

的确,对KAUST发展至关重要的大多数国际援助都带有这样一种理念:沙特将改善校园以外的自由状况。然而,正如Badawi事件所凸显的,自KAUST成立后,沙特对自由的压制似乎更加变本加厉。

1月18日,在Badawi接受第一场鞭刑的9天后,来自世界各地的18位诺贝尔奖获得者向KAUST校长Jean-Lou Chameau写信,呼吁该校为自由发声,发表不同见地。他们在信件中警告,如果沙特继续限制思想和表达自由,KAUST的国际联系将面临危险。

不过,KAUST内外的科学家均认为,建立一种知识型的文化和经济同样需要沙特领导人的变革。“KAUST成立背后的整体思想是国王阿卜杜拉想把沙特重新 带入主流科技界。”一位匿名科学家表示。但他认为,现代科学需要自由思考和创造力,根本无法在一种压抑的文化中走向繁荣。“如果沙特要在现代科学和技术领 域中占有一席之地,就不得不重视人权问题。”(宗华)

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